Reading intervention programs can help students struggling with reading. They can help boost a student’s confidence in their abilities and allow them to learn at their own pace.
They can also help students overcome language barriers. Teachers and parents must find the right program for each student to see the best results.
Identifying the Problem
The first step in any reading intervention is to identify the problem. This can be done through classroom assessments or by asking parents to complete a short survey about their child’s learning.
Once the problem is identified, a reading intervention plan can be developed and delivered by teachers. This will focus on teaching students the key reading skills that are necessary to succeed in school.
This includes phonics instruction that teaches children how to map sounds to letters and read words. It also includes vocabulary instruction that focuses on learning the meanings of prefixes, suffixes, and root words.
In addition to phonics and vocabulary, children with MRD typically benefit from multicomponent interventions that address morphology (the way words are formed), syntax, and semantics. These are important for students with comprehension weaknesses and can be particularly effective when paired with phonics instruction.
Developing a Plan
Reading intervention can be a very effective way to help students improve their reading skills. This process can involve many different elements, and can be used to cater for the needs of individual pupils.
One of the main aims of reading intervention is to restore a student’s confidence in their ability to read. This is often a slow process, but it can be achieved with the right patience and a lot of effort on the part of the tutor.
A good intervention program will be aimed at helping the pupil overcome any language barriers they may have, so that they can be able to communicate effectively.
Using a combination of direct teaching, guided practice, and independent practice can be a great way to help students become better readers. Explicit instruction and corrective feedback should be a part of every lesson, and teachers need to be trained to provide these in the best way possible.
The most effective reading intervention strategies are targeted to each student’s individual needs. This requires patience on the part of the teacher and a willingness to work at each student’s pace, even if it is slower than others.
Explicit instruction is a good strategy for this kind of intervention, where the teacher gives students clear explanations and direct guidance on a specific skill. Ample practice opportunities are also important to help students apply the skills taught in class.
Word level problems are often a result of phonics issues. Phonics teaches children to make letter-sound associations so that they can eventually read words without looking at them.
A word analysis approach helps students break down the parts of a word, like prefixes, suffixes, and root words. This allows them to figure out the meaning of new words and use them correctly.
Reading interventions should focus on engaging and relevant activities. These should be authentic, integrated with other content areas, interesting and occur within a social context to build students’ motivation.
Assessing the Student
Once students are receiving reading instruction, it is important to evaluate whether their performance has improved. This can be done by administering progress-monitoring assessments, which are designed to measure the student’s performance over time.
These assessments compare a student’s skills to benchmark scores and provide evidence of their mastery of a particular skill. These assessments can be administered more than once during a year to monitor growth.
Diagnostic assessment results help teachers determine what is causing the student’s reading difficulty and plan appropriate supplemental instruction or intensive intervention.
For example, if Lisa’s fluency screener revealed weak word identification fluency, her teacher would need to administer a different, more specific assessment that measured her decoding skills to pinpoint the root of her problem.
Once the root causes are identified, teachers can tailor their reading instruction to address those weaknesses and close learning gaps. With reliable data, teachers can be confident that their supplemental instructional methods are having the desired effect.