Month: May 2024

What Happens in Kindergarten?

Kindergarten is a big step for kids. They get to know their teachers and classmates, which helps build self-confidence and an understanding of school as a place where they can succeed.

Children will learn to identify letters and their sounds and will be introduced to basic math concepts. For example, they will count objects and groups of items; compare size and quantity; and begin to understand addition and subtraction.

Social and Emotional Development

In kindergarten, children move out of the supervised care of preschool teachers and begin to learn in more independent ways. They must follow their teacher’s lead, but also can choose from a variety of activities and work on different projects. Depending on their individual needs and readiness, they may require less direct supervision than they did in the past.

This is a good time to teach children to be respectful of one another and how to work together. It’s also a great time to help them gain self-awareness and independence, such as deciding when to ask for help and when to take responsibility for their own behavior.

Students also will be learning how to recognize, name and print alphabet letters (both uppercase and lowercase) and high-frequency words such as the, a and in. They will practice writing their names and drawing pictures. Students will learn to communicate and collaborate with peers, listen to others’ opinions, solve problems and develop empathy and compassion.

Physical Development

Children’s physical development involves their advancements and refinements of motor skills. This is reflected in their ability to move around the environment and engage in active play activities like climbing, jumping, throwing or catching a ball.

Physical development also contributes to cognitive development. For example, when seven-month-olds use their motor skills to push a button on a toy and hear an exciting sound, they learn how to perform an action to achieve a specific result.

In kindergarten, children will use their physical skills to learn about shapes and colors. They’ll also count, recognize and name uppercase letters and lowercase letters and learn about basic math concepts like adding and subtracting.

Numeracy and Literacy Skills

Kids will learn to recognize, print and pronounce alphabet letters (both upper and lower case). They’ll also get a taste of reading by learning about 30 high-frequency words—also called sight words.

Kindergarten classrooms usually have stricter educational standards than preschool classrooms and they follow a specific curriculum. This ensures consistency and a seamless transition into elementary school.

Children will need to be five years old before they can attend kindergarten. However, kindergarten cut-off dates vary by state.

Independence and Self-Assurance

In kindergarten, children will start to gain independence. Unlike preschool, which usually takes place at home or in childcare programs, kindergarten will likely be held at a public school and taught by a trained teacher. Many states set specific standards for kindergarten, which differ from state to state.

Teachers in kindergarten will teach more structured lessons to help prepare children for first grade. The curriculum will also introduce students to daily routines and a school environment. Kindergarten programs typically run five days a week and last for six to seven hours. Students who miss too many classes may fall behind.

It’s important for parents to communicate with their child’s teacher if they have concerns. Teachers want to know when something is causing stress so they can address it. They also want to know when things are going well so they can build a positive relationship with their student. The more they work together, the better the learning experience will be for their child.

The Importance of Reading Intervention

Reading intervention is important for helping students to develop their decoding and word-reading skills. Boards need to provide consistent, evidence-based tier 1 instruction and programs that work best in Kindergarten – Grade 1.

Boards need to set clear criteria on who gets access to reading interventions and how they are provided. Using criteria such as a discrepancy between intelligence and achievement to qualify for reading interventions can create equity issues.

1. Read Aloud to Your Students

Reading aloud to students is one of the simplest and most effective ways to model fluent reading. It also allows students to participate in the story and engage with the text. It’s a great way to expose students to a wide variety of genres—picture books, informational texts and even humor!

Many inquiry boards reported having multiple in-house interventions, including leveled literacy intervention (LLI) and Reading Recovery. These school-based approaches are often based on a student’s book-reading level and may focus only on phonological awareness or decoding skills, without addressing the full scope of skills needed for word-reading and comprehension.

These interventions are typically provided to students in tier 3 or higher of RTI/MTSS and should always be led by a certified teacher. They include explicit, systematic, intensive, hands-on and engaging instruction that targets a small group of students with specific learning needs. Computer-based programs such as Lexia(r) Core 5 can help students develop phonics, decoding, word reading and comprehension.

2. Let Your Students Choose Their Own Books

Students are much more likely to stay engaged with reading if they choose their own books, read about topics they find interesting and can access at a level that feels comfortable for them. This will help increase their motivation for learning, and also allow them to focus on the areas of reading that need more work.

It’s also important for teachers to know how students learn to read and incorporate strategies that develop the 5 main components of reading – phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency and comprehension. These are the things that reading gurus call the “Big Five”.

Inquiry boards reported that students often lack access to effective interventions. This is partly because there are not enough teachers trained in evidence-based programs to provide them. Additionally, a system that relies on school discretion to identify students who need intervention is ineffective and open to bias. To prevent students from experiencing reading difficulties, schools need standardized measures to determine when an intervention is needed and which program is best suited to a student’s needs.

3. Give Your Students Teacher Assigned Texts

Students need to read texts that are engaging to them, and at levels they can manage. Giving students the opportunity to select their own books allows them to choose topics they are interested in, at a level they are comfortable reading. But student choice can sometimes be counterproductive to the goal of gaining fluency and reading at more advanced levels.

Effective reading intervention programs require a scientific approach to teaching, and they must be available to all students. But school boards often rely on unscientific criteria to determine who gets access to an evidence-based program.

For example, some school boards require students to be a certain number of years behind on assessments before they can enter a program. This criterion violates the science of assessment and makes it difficult for students to get access to a reading intervention that will actually help them. Let’s Go Learn’s diagnostic assessments are renowned for their accuracy, providing educators with detailed information on each student’s reading skills and needs.

4. Give Your Students Time to Practice

Students’ motivation to read increases when they feel successful. Give students opportunities to practice reading in small increments so that they can see their progress, and make sure to celebrate their successes with them!

School boards have a variety of approaches to early intervention. Many use in-house or board-developed programs. These typically include a student working with a teacher or speech-language pathologist for a fixed period of time. These programs focus on phonological awareness and may involve some letter-sound teaching but do not fully address grapheme-phoneme correspondences, sounding out words (blending part of phonemic awareness) or reading multisyllabic words.

Some inquiry boards offer evidence-based tier 3 interventions, such as Empower(tm) or SRA Reading Mastery or Corrective Reading. However, these are only available to students who do not receive sufficient classroom instruction or a suitable tier 1 intervention.

The Importance of Education for Children

Education is a key to building self-reliance and helping people achieve their potential. It enables them to acquire the knowledge they need for success, contribute to economic growth and build better lives.

Quality education fosters children’s social and emotional development, improves their language and literacy skills, and increases their thinking (cognitive) abilities. It also helps them develop lifelong learning habits.

Social development

Children need to learn how to relate with others and develop a sense of self-worth. This is a major component of social development, which occurs as a result of interactions with family members, teachers, peers and other caregivers. Children also learn how to recognize emotions and understand turn-taking in group activities.

UNESCO works on social development in education through policy advocacy, research, knowledge sharing and partnerships with civil society. It promotes integrated approaches that combine health, nutrition, learning and protection for children and their families.

A quality education is essential to children’s health, well-being and future prospects. It improves cognitive development, increases earning potential and builds skills for lifelong learning. It enables children to contribute to their communities and become responsible, contributing citizens. It also enables them to take advantage of opportunities for personal growth, nurtures self-confidence and resilience and helps them become active agents of change. But many children don’t have access to quality education. This includes lack of trained teachers, inadequate education materials and limited school infrastructure.

Emotional development

Emotional development is the process of identifying and understanding emotions. It includes learning to recognise one’s own feelings, as well as those of others. It also involves learning how to manage these emotions effectively. It is important for school-age children to develop a strong foundation of emotional development. This will allow them to successfully engage with their social and academic environment.

Around 3 years of age, a child typically learns to control their aggression and cooperate with peers. They begin to experience a range of emotions, including fear, anger, sadness and empathy. They can use their imagination and role-play with their peers. They also start to understand the difference between reality and fantasy.

By middle childhood, children can distinguish between positive and negative emotions. They also understand that a single event may trigger mixed emotions. They are also able to identify situational determinants of emotion. For example, they understand that a sibling leaving for college is likely to be both sad and happy.

Physical development

Children learn about their bodies and how to use them by exploring the world with their senses. Their physical development helps them grow and strengthen their bones, muscles and abilities to move around. It is important that they have a well-balanced diet and are physically active throughout the day to improve their health and wellness.

This area of development focuses on infants and toddlers growing their muscles, bones and bodies to be able to explore their environment. It is referred to as the motor domain and includes both gross and fine motor skills.

As infants grasp toys with their hands they develop small muscles (fine motor skills). Toddlers build with blocks and play with clay to hone their fine motor skills. They use crayons to scribble and eventually begin to write their names and other words (communication).

As children become older they gain more knowledge of the world through their senses, focusing on noticing details, making discoveries and asking questions about things around them. They start to understand how to solve problems and become more aware of their emotions.

Cognitive development

Cognitive development refers to the growth of a child’s thinking and reasoning abilities. Children in the preschool years learn to think abstractly through symbolic representation, which is a way of using objects and words to stand for other things. They also learn to solve problems and develop their ability to read and write.

For example, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development states that children in the sensorimotor stage of life touch, manipulate, and look at objects. These actions are necessary to learn about the world around them and form their early understanding of it. Children in this stage are also egocentric, meaning they assume that other people have the same experiences and emotions as themselves.

Research has shown that cognitive development is a collaborative process between children and their environment. Analyzing development as a collaboration has led to new questions for researchers. For example, how does a child’s context support or hinder high level performances known to be within his or her reach?

Education Support Services

Education support services include a wide range of activities and programs that help students, educators, and educational institutions. They can include tutoring, mentoring, counseling, coaching, and guidance.

Each day, education support professionals (ESPs) keep schools running and students safe, healthy and ready to learn. They deserve our respect and appreciation.

1. Identify your needs and goals.

Education support services are a range of activities and resources that can enhance the quality of learning, teaching, and student experience. They can also help strengthen educational institutions and systems. They may include academic, administrative, financial, technical, and social support for students, teachers, and schools.

Identifying needs and goals is the first step to identifying the best education support service for you or your students. A good place to start is to look at your student data to see where there are gaps in achievement and identify the specific areas that need more attention.

Another great way to identify your needs is to set professional learning goals. Using SMART goals (specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-bound) is an effective way to set your goals for your performance and development plan. This will ensure that your goals are aligned with the school’s expectations and will help you to improve as an educator. Ideally, your PL goals should be documented and discussed at your annual feedback and review meeting with your supervisor or mentor.

2. Research your options.

Students can access a wide variety of education support services depending on their needs and goals. These services can include tutoring, academic advising, mentoring, counseling, advocacy and more. Students can find out about these services by asking teachers, counselors, or peers for recommendations, or by searching online for reviews, ratings, or testimonials.

In order to be effective and responsive, education support services must be informed by and responsive to the needs, interests, and preferences of learners and educators. This may require developing and implementing data collection, analysis, and reporting systems and tools; and conducting and disseminating research and evaluation studies.

Educators can also use their expertise and leadership to influence and regulate education support services. This may involve establishing clear roles and responsibilities, communication channels, and referral systems between service providers; and ensuring that all stakeholders are involved in the coordination and evaluation of education support services. It may also require experimentation with new models, methods, and practices of education support services that challenge the status quo and foster innovation and transformation.

3. Engage with the service.

Education support professionals are in direct contact with students every day and provide invaluable services to the learning process. They have unique perspectives and insights that can help students in a variety of ways. They can offer academic, personal, and social emotional support to students. They can also collaborate with teachers in their classrooms to ensure that students are being taught according to the best practices in each situation.

Education support services need adequate and sustainable resources, funding, and coordination to address the opportunities and challenges in the education sector. They must be designed with learners in mind and be personalized and customized to their needs, preferences, and goals.

Educators need to share knowledge about student progress with paraprofessionals and each other on a regular basis. This will allow everyone to make informed decisions about the best way to proceed with instruction, and it will help build a culture of collaboration and community. In addition, educators need to be given the time and space to engage with their colleagues in professional development, coaching, mentoring, and communities of practice.

4. Monitor your progress.

When it comes to education support services, progress monitoring is a vital tool to ensure that students are getting what they need. This can be done through a variety of methods, including targeted questioning, peer-to-peer tutoring, or intervention planning.

As learners become more diverse and autonomous, they will demand more personalized and customized education support services that align with their needs, goals, and learning styles. This can be accomplished by leveraging the power of technology to provide learners with access to education support services that are tailored to their unique strengths and weaknesses.

In addition, it will be important for education support services to collaborate with each other and other stakeholders to design, deliver, and innovate education support services that are empathetic, effective, and relevant to their audiences. This can be achieved by adopting a learner-centered approach and developing partnerships with students, educators, and other key stakeholders. Education support services should also monitor and evaluate their processes and outcomes, and incorporate feedback and best practices into their strategies.

How Schools Can Help You Meet New People

Schools are places that teach children. They can teach anything from reading and writing to math and science.

Schools can also help students find jobs or go on to college. There are different types of school, and it is important to find the right one for your child.

A student will be around hundreds of people their age at school. This will expand their horizons and teach them how to be part of society.

1. It Helps You Learn

Schools help people learn in a variety of ways. They teach the basics like reading and math, they let students try out other subjects, such as art or music, and they can even prepare kids for jobs by teaching them skills needed to work in certain fields.

In addition, teachers can connect lessons about history or math with real-world problems that happen in the world around them. They can also help students learn important life skills, such as how to manage money or get along with others.

School is also a place where children can learn about the world around them. By studying about different cultures, religions, and countries, they can develop empathy and understanding for those who are different from them. They can also gain knowledge about other aspects of the world, such as nature and technology. This is a very valuable thing that they can take with them throughout their lives. This is a big reason why school is so important.

2. It Helps You Meet New People

There are a few key ways that school can help you meet new people. For starters, simply being yourself can be a great way to make friends. It’s not a bad thing to try to impress everyone you meet, but it’s important to be authentic and stay true to yourself. This will attract people who will truly care about you and will be a good fit for your life.

Another good way to meet new people is by participating in groups and clubs. This is a great way to connect with people who have similar interests, and friendships often grow from shared passions. You can also meet new people by volunteering, which is a great way to give back and have fun while doing it.

Finally, if you’re in college, dorms can be a great place to make friends. This is because students have the same living quarters, and they can hang out in common areas.

3. It Keeps You Active

Schools keep kids active, a vital component to their overall health. Students who are active often don’t miss as many classes due to illness and can concentrate better in the classroom. They’re also more likely to perform well on standardized and functional assessments, according to PHIT America.

In addition to regular physical education class and recess, schools often host before- and after-school activities that encourage movement. They also partner with local parks and recreation departments to provide access to outdoor spaces for extracurricular sports and other physical activity.

For students who aren’t interested in participating on a traditional school sports team, intramural clubs like flag football, kickball and frisbee golf offer a chance to discover new hobbies. They’re fun, social and don’t require the same level of athleticism as varsity sports teams. This type of activity can help students stay active and develop healthy habits that they can carry with them into adulthood. It’s also a great way to build a sense of community in the school.

4. It Helps You Lead a Good Social Life

Schools offer a place to meet people of your age, which is essential in developing social skills. Children who fail to develop good social skills may suffer from a variety of mental and emotional problems.

School can also help you find your passions and explore extracurricular activities that give you a sense of community and belonging. Studies have shown that a sense of campus belonging is linked to higher academic performance and positive feelings about self-worth.

Schools can be a great place to practice life skills, such as managing money and time, resolving conflict, and communicating with others. For this reason, it’s important to regularly attend school so that you can build up the skills and knowledge you’ll need for a successful career.

Rahasia Sukses Togel Macau: Panduan Lengkap dan Update Terbaru!

Dalam dunia judi togel Macau, informasi tentang pengeluaran, data, dan result merupakan hal yang sangat penting bagi para pemain. Dengan adanya live draw dan situs resmi togel Macau, pemain bisa mendapatkan update terbaru secara cepat dan akurat. Tidak hanya itu, keluaran togel Macau hari ini juga menjadi bahan referensi utama bagi para penggemar togel untuk merencanakan strategi permainan mereka.

Bagi yang ingin mendapatkan informasi tercepat seputar togel Macau, live draw dan situs togel Macau menjadi tempat yang sangat berguna. Dengan fasilitas live toto Macau, pemain dapat langsung melihat hasil undian secara real-time, tanpa perlu menunggu lama. Dengan panduan lengkap yang terupdate, para pemain togel Macau memiliki peluang yang lebih baik untuk meraih kesuksesan dalam bermain.

Pengenalan Toto Macau

Di dunia perjudian yang serba dinamis, Toto Macau telah menjadi salah satu opsi taruhan yang sangat populer. Dikenal dengan pengeluaran data yang cepat dan akurat, togel Macau menyediakan berbagai hasil keluaran yang selalu ditunggu para pemain.

Bagi para penggemar togel online, situs togel Macau menawarkan pengalaman bermain yang menarik dengan live draw yang bisa diakses langsung. Hasil keluaran Macau tercepat juga menjadi daya tarik tersendiri bagi mereka yang gemar bermain toto Macau.

Untuk mengetahui informasi terupdate seputar togel Macau, selalu pantau situs togel Macau terpercaya dan jangan lewatkan kesempatan untuk memasang taruhan pada hasil keluaran Macau hari ini yang bisa menjadi keberuntungan bagi Anda.

Data Keluaran Togel Macau

Di dalam dunia perjudian toto Macau, data keluaran memiliki peran yang penting. Para pemain togel Macau tentu sangat membutuhkan informasi mengenai hasil keluaran togel Macau agar dapat membuat prediksi yang akurat. Data keluaran ini memberikan gambaran mengenai angka-angka yang sering muncul serta pola-pola yang dapat diidentifikasi.

Dengan mengetahui data keluaran toto Macau secara terbaru, para pemain dapat meningkatkan peluang kemenangan mereka. keluaran macau Informasi mengenai keluaran togel Macau hari ini sangat penting untuk dipantau, serta apabila dapat dipantau secara tercepat, maka para pemain dapat segera merespons dengan strategi yang tepat.

Selain itu, situs-situs togel Macau yang menyediakan data keluaran terupdate menjadi sumber informasi yang sangat berharga bagi para pecinta togel Macau. Dengan mengakses situs-situs tersebut, para pemain dapat memperoleh informasi keluaran togel Macau hari ini secara lengkap dan akurat.

Live Draw Macau

Pada bagian Live Draw Macau, pemain memiliki kesempatan untuk menyaksikan hasil undian secara langsung. Dengan adanya fitur live draw, penggemar Togel Macau dapat melihat nomor yang ditarik dengan transparan dan akurat.

Tidak hanya itu, kehadiran Live Draw Macau juga memberikan pengalaman yang lebih interaktif dan mendebarkan bagi para pemain. Mereka dapat langsung mengikuti perkembangan undian secara real-time tanpa perlu menunggu lama.

Dengan menggunakan situs resmi Togel Macau, para pemain dapat mengakses live draw dengan mudah dan aman. Dengan begitu, mereka tidak akan ketinggalan informasi terkini seputar keluaran Macau hari ini dan data-result tercepat.

The Importance of Kindergarten

Kindergarten is a program for 4- to 5-year-olds that offers developmentally appropriate learning opportunities. It lays the foundation for crucial abilities, such as physical development, emotional well-being, language and literacy, and thinking (cognitive) skills.

Children develop their fine and gross motor skills through activities such as drawing shapes, sorting objects, and working with clay. They also learn about the world around them with long-term projects in geography and history.

Cognitive Growth

At this time, kids begin to develop many neural pathways. Fostering cognitive growth means encouraging kids to think about their experiences and ask questions. Puzzles encourage analytical thinking, while games that involve exploring their imagination and problem-solving abilities boost cognitive skills. Outdoor excursions and basic experiments help children learn to observe the world around them and develop a deeper understanding of natural and human-made processes.

Children enter Piaget’s concrete operational stage at about this age, a period during which they use logical reasoning to rationalize observed events and discover general principles governing them. This development coincides with a key part of social-emotional growth, which includes increased empathy and emotional maturity. Structural approaches recasting Piaget’s ideas in information-processing terms have posited an additional developmental level between ages 2 and 6, one involving simple relations of representations. However, criteria for determining when this level actually emerges have not been clearly established.


Socialization is the process through which children learn to interact with others. This is an essential component of cognitive development and emotional intelligence, both of which play important roles in a child’s lifelong well-being. Socialization is also key to learning how to share and cooperate, both of which are necessary skills for kindergarten students.

Parents can encourage their children’s socialization by fostering a sense of curiosity and willingness to try new things. This will help them to adapt to the many different situations and rules of a school environment.

In addition, parents can teach their children to listen actively to one another and to respect each other’s personal space. They can also role play with their children to practice these behaviors. For example, they can set up a classroom with stuffed animals and role play simple problems that happen often in kindergarten, such as taking turns or respecting each other’s personal space. Studies have found that parental punishment can impede socialization by reducing a child’s internalization of family values and norms (Jung and Wickrama, [19]). This is why it is important to avoid the use of harsh discipline methods at home.


Developing self-esteem is a crucial part of kids’ psychological growth. Children with healthy self-esteem are resilient, academically successful and confident. They can also navigate social relationships and cope with setbacks easily.

During kindergarten, children develop a sense of their worth by comparing themselves with their peers. This can lead to them wondering if they are the best on the playground or smartest in class. Encourage them to find their own talents and focus on achieving their goals.

Help them recite positive affirmations and practice them throughout the day to overcome any self-sabotaging thoughts. Remind them that success doesn’t have to come immediately and that they can be proud of their efforts. Having friends who accept them for who they are can also help with this. Children who have low self-esteem are often shy and timid with a fixed mindset, whereas those with healthy self-esteem are enthusiastic, active and feel good about themselves. (Keshky & Samak, 2017; Dweck, 2017). Various measurement methods are available for assessing child self-esteem, such as Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Janis and Field Feeling of Inadequacy scale, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope’s 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for Children, and Kid- KINDL.


Children who are capable of making decisions and acting independently are better equipped to thrive in new environments and challenges. It is important to promote independence in kids from a young age, including kindergarten. This helps them build self-confidence, problem-solving skills, and resilience as they navigate through life’s challenges.

Parents can encourage their kids’ independence by allowing them to make choices in simple ways. They can also set high expectations for their kids’ independent play. However, it is important to recognize that developmentally appropriate independence varies by child and depends on factors such as time of day (post-naptime tends to be an optimal time for play), hunger, illness, sensory overload, etc.

Getting kids used to taking responsibility for things like hanging up their backpacks, packing their own lunch, and using the bathroom without your help can prepare them for kindergarten. Giving kids daily responsibilities and providing opportunities to make low-stakes choices – such as helping to choose snacks or extracurricular activities – can also increase their independence.

The Importance of Reading Intervention in RTI and MTSS Frameworks

Reading intervention is a key component of RTI/MTSS frameworks. Inquiry boards use various assessments and criteria to determine students who will receive intervention, including standardized word-reading accuracy and fluency measures.

To be effective, early interventions must focus on explicit and systematic instruction of grapheme-phoneme correspondences, blending and segmenting parts of phonemic awareness and decoding skills. They must also incorporate teaching morphology and syllable structures.

Targeted Instruction

Students experiencing reading difficulties need more intensive instruction than what is normally available in their classrooms. They may need to learn basic reading skills (such as recognizing upper and lowercase letters, or correlating pictures with print) or foundational reading strategies, including sound-letter connections, decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension strategies.

To be effective, these reading interventions need to be provided one-on-one by teachers who know how to implement them. This is why many inquiry schools report that they want guidance from the Ministry about which evidence-based programs to use, which will help to reduce costs based on economies of scale.

Board-developed intervention approaches typically involve students who scored low on a screening test working with a teacher or speech language pathologist in a small group for a defined period of time. Such interventions often focus on phonological awareness and sometimes include letter-sound teaching, but are not proven to prevent future word-reading difficulties for students who struggle.

Repeated Reading

When kids read a passage over and over, they begin to recognize the words and develop fluency. This is one of the most important reading skills that kids need to become proficient.

Studies involving repeated oral reading have shown that it improves the fluency of kids with below-average reading abilities (NICHD, 2000). Oftentimes, these studies focused on a special group of kids who had average phonics skills but low reading ability; however, other times they included all students in regular classrooms and showed the same results.

Timed repeated reading involves having students reread a text for 1 minute and then counting how many words they read correctly in that time. This is a great assessment and allows teachers to see a student’s growth over time. This strategy can also be used with choral or echo reading as well as one-to-one conferences. The best part about this is that it does not require any additional resources outside of those already in a classroom.

Guided Oral Reading

Reading aloud allows students to hear their own words read with proper pacing, intonation and expression. This increases their phonological awareness and improves their ability to comprehend the content of the story.

Guided oral reading, also called repeated reading and guided practice, is an evidence-based strategy for improving a variety of literacy skills, including fluency. It involves a teacher, parent or guardian reading passages with students and providing support and feedback as they read. It builds students’ reading stamina especially with longer texts or books and improves their decoding skills.

It is based on the notion that optimal learning occurs when a student is challenged to learn things that they can successfully attempt at their current level of development with the help of an expert “other” (Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development). This guidance, or scaffolding, assists them in developing strategies that assist in decoding and construct meaning.

Oral Language Development

Oral language development is an essential component of reading intervention for students with DLD. In a symbiotic relationship, language skills provide the foundation for decoding words for print comprehension. Oral language activities based on narratives can also foster the development of syntactic rules and vocabulary that supports reading.

Most inquiry boards report offering a range of evidence-based oral language strategies in their literacy curriculum, including repeated reading, guided oral reading and teaching language for discussing books. While these strategies are useful, they are not enough for students with DLD to develop word reading skills independently.

Students with DLD need highly targeted, intensive word-reading interventions in addition to addressing any oral language weaknesses. Many of the intervention programs reported by the inquiry boards are for older students, with Hamilton-Wentworth and Simcoe Muskoka Catholic providing Empower(tm) in Grade 2 and London Catholic delivering Reading Mastery(tm) in Grade 2. These programs address foundational word reading skills such as grapheme-phoneme mapping, phonemic awareness and blending and segmenting sounds in words, as well as phonics instruction and morphology and syllable patterns.

The Importance of Education Support

education support

Education support comprises the range of professional, administrative and technical staff within the education sector. These staff are essential to the delivery of quality education and a safe learning environment.

Encourage a positive school culture by inviting and valuing education support professionals. Make sure they are included in community events, family nights, and any other school-wide celebrations.

Supporting Students

At the end of this school year, there was a universal sigh heard from students, families and teachers across the nation. This was a tough school year — not only did many students experience social isolation and the loss of loved ones, but schools were also short-handed due to the pandemic.

Students need to feel connected and supported throughout their learning journeys. Education support staff, which include social workers and counselors, can help students navigate their personal challenges and academic needs. They can assist with mental health issues, coping with grief and trauma and helping children find a new normal at school.

Education support also helps students access the technology and resources they need to learn. They provide information about available courses, and create education plans for the long and short term. They also monitor student progress and write reports. Students often have multiple touchpoints with educational support staff during the day, so establishing relationships can be beneficial for students’ emotional and educational wellbeing.

Supporting Teachers

Education support personnel provide essential services in schools, including assisting teachers in classrooms, administering student assessments and ensuring a safe environment. However, little on-the-job training is provided for new ESPs, and the work they do can be physically demanding and emotionally draining.

One of the best ways to show that you value your educators is by giving them a voice in school decision making. It is important to give them input on things like curriculum choices, scheduling shifts and school culture plans.

Personalizing professional learning can also go a long way in keeping educators happy and engaged. Giving them time to explore topics that they are interested in and allowing them to tinker with new ideas is an effective way to help them stay excited about their job. Additionally, 1-1 coaching support from a qualified pedagogical leader has been shown to improve teacher effectiveness and keep them motivated. This type of support can be difficult to find, but a few simple changes can make all the difference.

Supporting Staff

Educators rely on a wide range of support staff to keep schools running smoothly. This can include aides, secretaries, custodial services, transportation and food services, skilled trades, health and student services, and security.

Often, little on-the-job training is needed for education support professionals. They may have previous experience in a similar role or may have completed the necessary training prior to starting their new position.

When a teacher and education support staff work together, it’s easier to make decisions about teaching strategies that will benefit students. It’s also helpful to communicate regularly so that everyone is on the same page regarding day-to-day classroom occurrences and instructional changes. This will be critical as the COVID-19 pandemic continues.

Supporting School Culture

School culture reflects and shapes the values, beliefs, expectations, and norms of the community within its walls. It influences the way students, teachers, and administrators interact with each other and make decisions about teaching and learning.

A positive school culture can have a powerful impact on student achievement and engagement. It’s crucial to foster a culture of respect and inclusivity that is characterized by open communication and collaboration. Creating a nurturing learning environment is also key. This may include providing opportunities for students to stretch their abilities and challenges in a safe, supportive environment, or introducing innovative practices like game-based learning to engage students.

A strong school culture can also help to improve teacher job satisfaction and retention, as well as boost parent and community engagement. To support these efforts, consider implementing a system that allows for regular feedback from students, parents, and teachers, as well as inviting community members to school events and meetings.

The Different Types of Schools

A school is a place where children are taught. It is also a way to pass down knowledge and skills from one generation to another.

Staying unoccupied throughout the day can be boring and fatal. Hence, going to school is much better because it keeps you busy and helps you learn several useful skills.

Traditional Schools

Traditional schools follow a well-established academic curriculum and stress basic educational practices that have been around for generations. They typically emphasize academic subjects such as math, science, language arts and social studies. They also stress standardized testing, which helps maintain consistent learning standards and prepare students for higher education and career paths.

They often use textbooks, which present information in a structured way and require student study and memorization. Teachers lead classroom instruction and offer lectures that explain the subject matter, encouraging student note-taking. This pedagogical model has received criticism from other currents of thought, but it is still one of the most prevalent models in educational institutions.

Traditional schools may have strict disciplinary rules and uniform policies. They may also have limited emphasis on teaching practical life skills, such as financial literacy and emotional intelligence. However, they tend to offer more enrichment activities and services such as speech therapy, counseling and special education. These benefits can offset the higher cost of tuition for families.

Public Schools

When we say public school, we generally mean schools that receive government funding and are open to the general public. They are run by local, state and sometimes federal governments. The federal government sets some rules and gives money, but most decisions are made by local school boards that choose teachers and administrators and set curriculums and goals.

Schools that are public by law must leave religion out of the classroom and can’t discriminate against students based on race, ethnicity or gender. This helps ensure that all children can get an education, even if their parents can’t afford private schools.

But some educators take the “public” idea too far and believe that they have a mandate to proselytize their own views on social issues in their classrooms. This, says the College of the Holy Cross, creates a culture of distrust and could undermine kids’ academic performance. Teachers who think this way, argue influential educational theorists like George Counts, are using their classrooms for private purposes, not the public’s.

Private Schools

Private schools are not governed by the state and often have their own board of trustees. They are usually non-profit and can be funded by tuition, charitable contributions, and grants. Some of them are religious in nature and others are secular.

The curriculum at a private school can be more focused on the educational values of the school. In addition, students may take honors or Advanced Placement classes which give them college credit. The teachers at a private school tend to have graduate degrees and professional expertise. This elevates student motivation.

Many private schools offer special extracurricular programs that include community service, yoga, art and music. Some have dormitories on campus and offer weekend activities, internship programs, and trips around the US and abroad. Private schools typically have provisions for children with behavioral issues and learning disabilities. They also have a strong focus on community and a sense of pride in the school. Many parents choose private schools for this reason.

Adult Education

The adult education sector encompasses all educational opportunities for adults outside of the formal school system. Universities, community colleges and speciality schools offer personal enrichment, academic and vocational courses. Government agencies and private businesses offer professional development training for employees to enhance productivity and improve customer satisfaction, and as a recruitment incentive. Proprietary schools and training companies seek profit from offering these courses to both employers and individuals.

Lifelong learning is important for adults because it promotes problem-solving skills and flexibility in a fast-changing economy. It also helps to stimulate the brain and reduce the risk of cognitive decline, especially as people age. It’s important to remember that adults prefer information that can be applied in their daily lives and will trust new concepts if they are based on previous experiences.

Different perspectives on adult education exist, including andragogy as a distinct type of teaching that emphasizes the unique characteristics of adult learning; a facilitation approach that aims to transform participants’ engagement with their communities and world; and the belief that adults are responsible for shaping a more just future.

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