Month: February 2024

The Benefits of Kindergarten


Kindergarten provides children with the foundation of learning reading, writing and elementary math. They develop their ability to follow instructions, lengthen their attention span and learn through play.

Kindergartners also work on counting, recognizing and describing common shapes (circle, square, triangle) and organizing objects by color or size. Their fine motor skills grow and soon their scribbles will form legible letters!

Social Skills

Children are social beings from the start, and kindergarten is when they begin to learn how to interact with others. They watch how adults react and take cues from their peers in a variety of settings. They learn how to interpret facial expressions, tone of voice and body language in their interactions with each other and others.

They develop empathy by role-playing situations that help them understand what another person might be feeling and how to respond to them. Children can also learn and practice a wide range of social skills through play and games, including how to share toys or resolve conflicts, as well as the ability to identify their own feelings and recognize those of others.

A 20-year study found that children who enter kindergarten with strong social skills are more likely to succeed in school and have better employment opportunities than those without these skills. Penn GSE has developed a toolkit that includes scientifically valid measures of 14 social emotional learning skills and shows teachers how to report these in their kindergarten report cards.


Kindergarten students learn to count and recognize numbers. They may also start learning basic addition and subtraction, and will begin to understand the concept of base 10 (each number has a specific place value). Students might be introduced to addition strategies such as “doubles” (6+6 or 4+4) and turnarounds (2+1 = 3, so 1+2 is 3). They’ll begin inventing simple word problems that illustrate Addition and Subtraction.

They might explore patterns and classification. Children enjoy sorting and classifying objects, often based on one characteristic such as color or shape.

They’ll also begin to use a number line to help them find the value of numbers between 11 and 19. And they may learn greater than/less than, by counting the sides of a specific shape. They might create a picture graph or pictograph to collect information, like their classmates’ favorite season. They’ll also begin to tell time, both days and weeks.


Kindergartners aren’t likely to conduct sophisticated scientific experiments, but they can be captivated by hands-on lessons and activities that allow them to see, hear, touch and taste scientific concepts. These subjects nurture curiosity and foster a love of learning that can extend into other academic and real-life experiences.

In life sciences, kindergartners explore the similarities and differences between plants and animals, including their identifying characteristics (birds have feathers, flowers grow seeds). They’ll learn about weather and seasons as they observe changes from day to day and across the year.

Physical science helps kindergartners discover properties of objects such as shape, size, color, temperature, odor and flexibility. They’ll use tools to sort piles of items and experiment with materials, such as dropping an Alka-Seltzer tablet into water and watching the bubbles cling to popcorn kernels. They’ll also measure and compare objects using their weight. These basic skills are important building blocks of future science instruction.


By this age, a child has developed a wide range of oral language skills. They can follow a few simple directions and speak clearly enough that most people understand them. They may also be able to retell a story they’ve heard or talk about things that happened to them recently.

A child’s written language skills are also developing. They are aware that letters make up words and may begin to write their own name. They may also start to read simple books with tier 1 vocabulary and simple temporal sequences, such as ‘The Very Busy Spider’ or ‘Dear Zoo.’

In some countries, kindergarten may be part of a formal education system while in others it may refer to daycare or preschool. For example, in Macedonia kindergarten is called detska gradinka or zabavishte, and in the Netherlands it is known as kleuterschool or Frobel school (named after Friedrich Frobel). In Korea it is yuciweon or yuchi won and children attend between the ages of three and five.

What Is Reading Intervention?

Reading intervention

Reading intervention involves implementing strategies that support students in their progress toward developing foundational word-reading accuracy and fluency. These include explicit and systematic instruction in grapheme-phoneme correspondences, phonics, blending and segmenting sounds to read words and spell, vocabulary development, and text structure.

Schools offer a wide variety of interventions. The inquiry schools found that access to tier 3 programs varied greatly by board and that many non-evidence based tier 2 interventions are used in place of research-supported programs.

Targeted Instruction

Teachers can use reading assessments to identify students whose skills are below the norm and need targeted instruction. In this technique, teachers deliver one-on-one or small group sessions to struggling readers within their classrooms. Each session is 15 minutes long and focuses on specific areas of reading, such as phonological awareness, phonics, and fluency.

These teacher-delivered programs vary from one board to another, but many have a common set of components. They typically include formative assessments to provide immediate feedback and adjust ongoing teaching, diagnostic assessments to gain in-depth information about individual students’ strengths and gaps, and benchmark assessment at specified points throughout the school year to measure progress against a set of longer-term goals.

Some school boards offer commercial interventions that have research to support their effectiveness. However, not all do so and that can leave students like Natalia without access to effective intervention in their schools. Those that do often rely on foundations for start-up funding.

Individual Instruction

Individual reading interventions allow educators to tailor instruction to meet a student’s learning needs. These programs are often highly personalized and can be used to teach the foundational skills needed for decoding (sound-letter mapping, phonemic awareness, phonics decoding), as well as word-reading accuracy and fluency.

Many of these instructional approaches use multisensory activities that are highly engaging to students, including chanting, pointing and moving to the rhythm of the letter sound or spelling pattern. They are based on the Orton-Gillingham approach, which was developed to teach dyslexic children and adults who struggle with reading.

School boards need to ensure that they offer effective reading intervention programs. Currently, many boards only offer effective programs in Grades 4 and up, which is not consistent with current evidence. Some of the more effective reading intervention programs, such as Let’s Go Learn, provide diagnostic assessments, data tracking and progress monitoring to support these individualized teaching techniques. This can help teachers deliver a more personalized and effective learning experience for all their students.

Whole-Class Instruction

Many schools have a tough time getting kids on track to read by the end of elementary school. This reading gap has been exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic, and research suggests that teachers need training on how to implement evidence-based practices, guidance on leveraging data, and engaging content to close it.

This means providing a wide range of instructional approaches that include whole class instruction as well as small group and individual work. Cooperative grouping and project based learning are two examples that have been shown to have solid research records and allow for a balance of whole class and small group instruction.

Shared reading experiences can be a great way to engage students in the classroom and build their confidence as readers. Using books repeatedly and teaching comprehension strategies through read-aloud lessons can also improve students’ understanding of words, text structure, and vocabulary. Another great strategy is pairing students up to read aloud in a paired fashion, which builds their reading stamina particularly with longer texts.

Supplemental Instruction

Supplemental instruction is a reading intervention technique that involves students receiving extra instruction outside of classroom hours. This enables students to receive effective interventions without missing important classroom learning opportunities.

Students in a study who received supplemental reading instruction performed better on measures of word attack, word identification, and oral reading fluency than control students did. Moreover, the improvements were still evident two years after the end of supplemental instruction.

The supplemental instruction used in this study consisted of weekly peer collaborative learning study sessions that review course material and develop organizational tools for students. This program is called Supplemental Instruction (SI) and is an internationally recognized academic assistance model that targets historically difficult courses with high D, F or Withdraw rates.

The instructional assistants in this study were trained to deliver the supplemental reading instruction and provided with lesson plans to follow. They were also observed regularly and provided with feedback. This training was critical to the success of this study and is recommended in all supplemental instruction research.

5 Key Skills That Children Education Should Teach

Children learn a lot during their early childhood. They build their language skills, respond to their names, and learn about the world around them. High-quality early education is critical to a child’s healthy development.

Kids who go to school learn about different cultures and how to get along with others. They also develop their own personalities.


Self-discipline is the ability to control impulses and make responsible choices. It is a key skill that kids need to learn during childhood and adolescence so they can make smart decisions in adulthood. It is important for kids to develop this skill because it allows them to prioritize responsibilities, put their needs before wants, and achieve their dreams.

Teaching children about self-discipline involves helping them set realistic goals and then supporting them as they work towards those goals. It also includes helping them avoid distractions and temptations, such as keeping their favorite toys out of sight when they are doing homework or studying.

It is also important to teach kids how to be independent and solve their own problems, even if that means asking for help from friends or family. It is also helpful for kids to practice planning ahead, which teaches them how to think about potential obstacles before they arise. This helps them build self-discipline by learning to deal with challenges on their own.


Adaptability is an important part of children education because it helps them cope with unexpected situations. It also enables them to develop and use new learning skills more effectively. Children who are able to adapt quickly and easily tend to have more confidence in their abilities.

Encourage your kids to be open-minded and flexible by exposing them to different experiences, cultures and ideas. This will cultivate adaptability and flexibility and help them find solutions to problems they face.

It’s also essential to understand how your child’s temperament fits with their adaptability. For example, children who are impulsive may need extra encouragement to consider consequences before acting. It’s also helpful to give them forewarnings and information about changes in routines and outings so they can prepare themselves. This will reduce their resistance and cut down on power struggles. Set a timer to let them know when it’s time to change activities. This will prevent them from getting frustrated and overwhelmed.

Social skills

Social skills are a crucial part of children’s education. They help kids interact and cooperate with others, as well as understand different cultures and environments. From the sandbox in early childhood to job interviews in young adulthood, these skills will help them adapt to their ever-changing social worlds and support their personal and academic success.

Children who have strong social skills are more confident, able to control their emotions, and are able to relate with others. These skills help them develop friendships that last a lifetime, which is vital for their emotional and academic development.

Teachers can play a critical role in helping children build their social skills. They can use role-playing, group activities, and positive reinforcement to teach children about cooperation, listening, empathetic behavior, and conflict resolution. Teachers can also provide a safe, supportive environment for children to learn and practice these skills. This is particularly important for children who have difficulty with interpersonal relationships or are experiencing bullying, relationship conflict, or low self-esteem.

Communication skills

Communication skills are an important part of children’s education, and should be taught from a young age. They help kids develop a better understanding of the world around them and can help them interact with others effectively. These skills will allow them to express themselves clearly, solve problems and navigate social situations confidently.

When talking to kids, it is important that parents are patient and listen carefully. Also, parents should teach kids to speak correctly and not interrupt others when they are speaking. They should also show how to enter a conversation politely, such as by greeting the person with a smile and nod.

It is important to talk to your child about how they feel and encourage them to share their feelings with you. Help them to name their emotions, such as sad, happy, scared or relaxed. Reading together and playing pretend games can help them build their vocabulary. They should also learn to recognise non-verbal communication, such as facial expressions and body movements.

MSEA – Mental Health and Wellbeing of Education Support Staff

education support

Educational Support is a UK charity “dedicated to improving the mental health and wellbeing of teachers, lecturers and other education staff”. It was founded in 1877 as a benevolent fund for teachers, and now also supports those working in further and higher education.

To improve outcomes for students, district leaders should provide clear expectations, processes, and practices for school-based MTSS teams. Read on to learn three ways to do so.

Education Support Professionals

Education support professionals — paraeducators, custodial workers, food service staff, bus drivers and more — are the backbone of America’s schools. They make sure kids arrive safely, keep our buildings clean and healthy, and bandage scraped knees. They answer phones in front offices, provide mental health services to students and teachers and keep our communities connected through technology.

They work in public schools, career and technical centers, intermediate units, colleges, daycares and more. These individuals ensure students are safe, educated and supported, and that quality schools remain vibrant, engaging and accessible.

Education Support is a UK charity “dedicated to improving the mental health and wellbeing of the education workforce.” It began in 1877 as a benevolent fund for teachers, and today supports trainees, serving teachers, heads, lecturers and others in further and higher education. It offers telephone counselling, email advice and face-to-face workshops, as well as online resources. The organization merged with sister charities Recourse and Worklife Support Partnership in 2015. It also offers professional development programmes and training for schools.

Education Support Staff

The education support staff is the backbone of any educational institute. These individuals ensure that students are healthy, safe, engaged and challenged in order to learn. They also take on many administrative tasks, such as creating lesson plans and grading papers.

They may also work directly with students who have behavioral, emotional or medical problems that interfere with their learning. The educational support staff can serve as a sounding board for these students and help them find solutions.

On average, a full-time school support professional earns $32,837 per year. However, salaries vary widely by state. A school cafeteria worker in Delaware earns more than a similar employee in Idaho. In addition to their salary, ESPs receive several weeks of paid holiday and sick time per year. This includes the District-wide winter break and spring break.

Education Support Personnel

Education support professionals keep students healthy, safe, engaged, supported and challenged so they can learn. They are the ones that answer phones in school offices, run the cafeterias, make sure our kids get from point A to point B on time, keep the classrooms clean, and so much more. MSEA works to ensure ESPs have decent wages and respect for the important work they do in our schools and communities.

ESPs work in all types of preK-12 schools, including public, career and technology centers, intermediate units, colleges, and daycares. They provide services to all components of education—Counseling, Psychological and Social Services; Health Services; Physical Environment; and Nutrition, Student Services and Custodial Services. They are represented by nine career families: Clerical Services; Custodial Services; Food Service Services; Student Services and Administration; Paraeducators; Transportation services; and Security Services. The MSEA ESP of the Year Award honors an outstanding ESP member and recognizes the contributions of all MSEA ESP members.

Education Support Specialists

Education support specialists provide ample counsel and advice for students in educational institutions. They help connect students to government educational benefits, and they also report cases of domestic abuse to protect students. They may work for schools or universities and are typically full-time employees who receive several weeks off during school holidays.

ESPs are the backbone of the public education system and need to be included in policies and practices that address whole child issues. They are the only group of school staff that works directly with students throughout their entire lives, and they deserve a strong voice in their communities, schools and professions. The average salary for an education support specialist is $43,449 per year. They can advance their careers to become teachers, librarians or instructional coordinators, depending on their interests and education. They can even become principals and assistant principals, or work in the administration of colleges and universities. These jobs require a bachelor’s degree.

The Importance of Schools


Schools are places where students learn new things and build a foundation for life. They also teach them the skills they need to get a job. This is a very important aspect of school, because it can help people earn money and be self-sufficient (Education).

The word “school” comes from the Greek word schole, meaning leisure. It later became scol in Old English and then school in Modern English.

They teach young people

The goal of education is to teach young people a culture, molding their behaviour and directing them toward their eventual role in society. This process is known as socialization or enculturation. Children from the earliest cultures, whether New Guinea tribespeople or Renaissance Florentines, were educated through their daily activities and by learning from their elders.

Eventually, people realized that it would be more efficient to have one person teach many children rather than each family teaching their own. This led to the creation of school. The word school comes from Greek schole, which originally meant “leisure.” The connection between leisure and learning may seem a bit strange, but it makes sense when you consider that having knowledge puts a person in a position to help others.

Traditional public schools are what most of us think of when we hear the word school. These are neighborhood schools that are usually paid for by property taxes and state and federal government funds.

They introduce students to a variety of subjects

Schools are organized spaces that provide education and training in different subject areas. They typically include classrooms, cafeterias and schoolyards. They also have laboratories and workshops for specific subjects such as science or industrial arts. They may also be dedicated to one particular field such as a school of economics or dance.

Students are exposed to hundreds of people their age, which is helpful no matter what they decide to do in life. However, they must learn to communicate with people who are different from them. This is why it’s so important for them to be in a school.

In addition to exposing them to different ideas, schools teach students how to think independently and learn from others. This is an important skill that will serve them in their adult lives. Whether they want to continue their studies at a university, or pursue a career in the military, schools will help them achieve their goals.

They build community

School is more than just classrooms and books. It’s a place where students can find social and emotional support, as well as extracurricular activities. Studies have shown that participation in extracurriculars can improve academic achievement, especially during early adolescence.

Schools also build community by connecting students to local resources. For example, they might provide food services or offer free health screenings. These programs help address the needs of low-income students and their families. They can be offered inside the school, or through community-based centers.

Schools also provide an opportunity for young people to learn skills they need to get jobs and contribute to society. This teaches them the value of work and helps them develop empathy and understanding for others. Educated societies are less likely to engage in gender-based violence and other types of conflict. This is why it is so important to support education.

They train the brain

During school, students learn how to think critically. This is an important skill that will help them throughout their lives. It helps them solve problems and make good decisions. It also allows them to make informed choices about their careers and future. Students should be exposed to a variety of subjects so that they can choose what interests them most.

It is also possible to meet people of similar interests at school. This can lead to long-lasting friendships. It is also a great way to socialize and get away from the isolation of home life. Moreover, attending school is much more fun than staying at home all day.

The word school traces back to the Greek word schole, which meant “leisure.” The jump from leisure to learning is not as great as it might seem, and schools have been around for thousands of years. As societies became more complex, it became necessary to pass on cultural knowledge in a formal setting.

5 No-Prep Kindergarten Activities to Help Kids Develop Social-Emotional Skills

Kindergarten is the start of kids’ formal education, so they need to develop many skills. It’s important for them to separate from their families and feel confident in a new place.

Physical development includes learning how to move their arms and legs (large motor skills) and using their fingers and hands (small motor skills). Social and emotional development focuses on making friends and understanding feelings.

Social Skills

As children interact with peers, they learn how to play cooperatively and share and care for others. They also practice assertiveness and self-control. These social skills are the foundation for a lifetime of positive relationships.

Some children may have difficulty in navigating the transition to kindergarten, particularly when they have been exposed to recent trauma or tragedy such as a car accident or gun violence. These children often become shy and isolated, or they may display aggressive behavior out of fear or anxiety.

Parents, teachers and caregivers can help children develop strong social skills. They can start by modeling respectful and caring interactions at home, then introduce children to new environments such as preschool and daycare. Teachers and children can assess social skill levels using the SSRS-P, which includes subscales for cooperation, assertion, and self-control as well as an overall score from both teachers’ and parents’ ratings. Social skills are categorized as low, moderate, or high.


Self-esteem is a child’s evaluation of their worth, which can influence their feelings of satisfaction and confidence in themselves. It can also help them learn and grow. Children who have healthy self-esteem are resilient, have a positive sense of their own abilities and are better able to form relationships.

Kindergarteners are prone to comparing themselves to their peers, whether they wonder if they’re the best on the playground or the smartest in math class. Parents can foster their self-esteem by giving balanced feedback, encouraging them to try new things and offering simple responsibilities such as household chores.

Kids with healthy self-esteem are able to see that most challenges have hidden gifts, such as learning patience, persistence or a skill set. They can then move on to the next challenge with confidence. They can also ask for help when they’re struggling, rather than trying to work through the problem themselves. Creating a strong base of self-worth is important because it can carry them throughout childhood and beyond.

Communication Skills

Communication skills are a key component of social-emotional learning. In kindergarten, children develop these abilities through interaction with peers and adults. The no-prep activities, discussion questions and related skills in this post can help educators support these developmental milestones with their students.

Kids with good verbal communication skills are more apt to be able to resolve conflicts constructively and express themselves with confidence. They’re also better equipped to reach out for help when needed.

Help kids understand how nonverbal cues—including facial expressions, body language and gestures—can say as much or more than words. For example, an eye roll or a slammed door convey a negative message, while eye contact indicates interest and respect.

Teach children how to communicate in a respectful way by role-playing different scenarios and discussing real-life stories in the news or books. Also, encourage them to practice expressing themselves and sharing their thoughts and feelings with family members through verbal and written communication.

Physical Activity

Physical activity is important for young kids as it boosts their overall well-being. It keeps them strong and healthy, improves their mood and cognitive function, and helps them concentrate.

Children this age should be physically active throughout the day, including free play and structured activities. They should participate in moderate to vigorous intensity activities that make them sweat and breathe harder but they can still talk (like jumping rope or playing sports) three days a week.

The classic game Duck, Duck, Goose is a fun way to get kids moving. To play, choose one kid to be the Goose. The rest of the kids sit in a circle and the Goose walks around the outside, tapping each kid on the head and saying Duck. If a kid gets tagged, they have to chase the Goose and try to reach him/her before the next person tags them. The first kid to reach the Goose wins. Kids are more likely to participate in physical activity if their caregivers are doing it as well.

Reading Intervention – Accelerating Reading Skills

Reading intervention provides intensive and targeted instruction to accelerate students’ reading skills. These classes are typically taught outside of regular class time and are part of a school’s RTI or MTSS process.

Students in reading intervention receive instruction on decoding, comprehension, writing and study strategies at their instructional level. The following are key aspects of the program:


Phonics is the pathway to reading success for many struggling readers. Research has shown that learning phonics, breaking words into their individual sounds and blending those sounds back together to form the word, is one of the most effective ways for students to learn to read.

Those with low phonics skills struggle to decode words and may not have strategies for spelling new words. This is why it’s important to start with a strong foundation in phonics and build from there.

Reading intervention can take many forms. It may be small group instruction using a specific curriculum, tutoring outside of class or reading programs that students work on in scheduled sessions. The goal is to re-energize and support the student in their literacy journey with a program or activity that is best suited for them.


Vocabulary consists of the words that students need to understand when they read. Students acquire vocabulary incidentally by listening to adults talk, reading books with them at home and school, and through independent work time in the classroom (reading for fun, homework assignments, etc). However, a student’s oral or reading vocabulary may not be large enough to help them understand complex, domain specific words that are encountered in academic texts.

Effective research-based vocabulary instruction focuses on teaching both meaning and usage. This can be done by using notecards with a word and its definition, providing synonyms and antonyms of the word, as well as providing cognates of important words for English Language Learners (e.g., doctor/doctor, music/musica). Explicit vocabulary instruction should be repeated to build knowledge. The FastBridge system includes several explicit vocabulary strategies that can be used with small groups of students.


Reading comprehension is the ultimate goal of reading and requires children to understand stories and information. Children who comprehend what they read can visualize a story, anticipate events, laugh at jokes, make inferences, and think critically about the text.

Comprehension instruction must be responsive to individual students and incorporate a range of strategies to address different needs. For example, building morphological awareness by teaching prefixes, suffixes and bases will help students pull apart words that follow traditional patterns in order to decipher and understand their meaning. This will also support their reading of words that do not follow these conventional patterns.

In addition, research supports the importance of teaching main idea and summarization strategies to support reading comprehension. Activating prior knowledge through bell ringer questions or asking students to draw pictures of their favourite parts of the book before discussing can also help them to comprehend and remember information. Comprehension is a complex process and should be taught through explicit instruction, scaffolding, and opportunities for practice and reflection.

Reading Fluency

Reading fluency involves the ability to read words at a rate that allows for proper phrasing and expression. It also includes the ability to recognize when a word should be paused or emphasized, and it allows readers to make connections between the text they are reading and other knowledge they have about the subject.

Reading researchers have found that focusing on reading fluency is an essential component in improving comprehension. In fact, the researchers who conducted the studies described in this video series found that students who were taught strategies for building fluency (such as reading aloud and slowing down) showed greater improvements in comprehension than those who were just instructed to read silently.

This is because reading fluency has been shown to mediate the relationship between listening comprehension and word reading and between word reading and reading comprehension. It does this by freeing cognitive resources for interpretation and by allowing for preliminary interpretive steps to be carried out rapidly without conscious attention.

The Importance of Early Childhood Education

children education

Children learn best when they are safe, supported and happy. Access to quality education should be free from obstacles that prevent kids from learning, including conflict, natural disasters, poverty, geographic isolation, and social exclusion.

Make sure your kids know you love to read with them. Play rhyming and letter games with them to help them build their vocabulary.

Learning to think for themselves

When children think for themselves, they are able to make decisions that lead to their own success. This can be achieved through teaching them to question everything and not just accept information as truth, as well as encouraging them to use digital tools for research. This can also help them develop problem-solving skills.

Experts recommend that kids read for pleasure, as it enhances imagination, reflection and critical thinking, something that digital media does not do. Unfortunately, reading for fun has been on the decline in recent years. This is a big concern because it can hinder children’s ability to think for themselves.

Education is a fundamental human right, but many children are not getting the opportunity to exercise this right. This is due to conflict, natural disasters, health crises, poverty, geographic isolation and more. The UNICEF Let Us Learn program aims to help children access education by eliminating barriers and providing support for children who are not in school.

Learning to respect different cultures

Children can learn about different cultures in a variety of ways. For example, they can watch foreign movies or listen to music from other countries. These activities are educational and can also be fun for them. It is important to remember that all people are different and deserve respect. It is up to parents to be good role models and teach their children that it is okay to be different from others.

Educating children is essential for their health and well-being. However, many factors prevent children from accessing education. They may face conflict, natural disasters, malnutrition, poverty, geographic isolation and social exclusion. UNESCO works with Member States to address these barriers and provide support for children who are disadvantaged.

It is important for children to learn about different cultures and traditions from their families. This will allow them to develop a deeper understanding of the beliefs and customs that their school friends may follow. This will help them to respect cultural differences and build a sense of community.

Learning to interact with others

The first year of school is an important time for children to build skills that help them interact with others. They learn to play with other kids, share ideas, and follow rules. They also start to recognize faces and use the words they know to express themselves. High-quality early childhood education helps to promote this development.

In the classroom, children learn to interact with one another by playing games and using materials like blocks, paints, sand, and puzzles. Teachers encourage their physical development by letting them run, jump, climb, and throw objects. They also help them develop their fine motor skills by putting objects in their mouths, using their fingers to explore the world, and drawing with crayons.

Children learn best through rich, responsive social interactions with trusted adults. These interactions are characterized by live, back-and-forth conversations and consistent responses. Vygotsky’s concept of the zone of proximal development explains how these interactions support cognitive learning.

Learning to cooperate

Developing cooperation is one of the most important skills for children to learn, but it’s not always easy. Children can become self-focused, often seeking to please themselves over others’ needs. To overcome this problem, parents should make sure that their child understands the value of cooperation and respects other people’s requests.

For example, toddlers can practice taking turns by playing a game of dropping blocks in a bucket or rolling a ball back and forth. Similarly, teachers can use cooperative learning in their classrooms to help students work together and solve problems.

Other activities that promote cooperation include group projects, such as cooking, cleaning and gardening. Also, it’s a good idea to encourage teamwork in reading. For instance, reading the story of Stone Soup can help children learn that every person has something valuable to contribute to a group. Finally, parents should set a positive example of cooperation by working well with other family members and friends.

What Is Education Support?

education support

Education support refers to any instructional methods or school resources that are used to help students accelerate learning progress, meet academic standards, and succeed in schools. Academic support strategies vary from school to school and often depend on the material, social, and cultural resources of students’ families.

MSEA is dedicated to helping education support professionals win decent wages, fair working conditions, and respect for their important role in public education.


A tutor will provide individualized instruction to help students overcome educational obstacles and reach their full potential. Tutoring helps students develop critical study skills, such as time management, note-taking, and task prioritization. These are skills that will benefit students for their entire academic journey.

Tutoring can also improve students’ attitude towards school and learning by fostering a sense of confidence and self-assurance. This can make it easier for students to ask questions in class and take risks in their learning.

Tutors can offer a different perspective through individualized and small group learning experiences. They can give students a sense of belonging and increase their level of cultural competence through discussions about topics that are relevant to them. It is important that a student finds a tutor who has an open mind, empathy, and an even disposition. They should believe that things can be changed through action and encourage the student to do the same. They should be willing to work with the student to create goals and monitor progress.


Education support professionals are hired by schools, colleges and universities to perform a variety of tasks. They may help create educational and lesson plans, assist teachers with classroom observations and note-taking, and provide counseling to students. They typically work full time during school hours and receive several weeks off during the year for school and federal holidays.

Counseling aims at analyzing and understanding the problems of a client in one-to-one sessions. It also helps in advising and empowering the client to take a decision concerning his career or life goals. Moreover, it also focuses on improving the behavior of the client by changing his current behavior in a positive manner.

Founded in 1877, Education Support is a UK charity “dedicated to improving the mental health and wellbeing of the education workforce.” Its services include telephone counselling for teachers who are suffering from work-related stress and other financial or personal issues. In addition, the charity also offers advice on workplace wellbeing.

Academic Advising

Academic advising is one of the fundamental goals of higher education. It, along with teaching, research, and service, helps students develop intellectually and personally toward academic success and lifelong learning.

Academic advisors work with a student to develop educational plans that are consistent with the student’s interests, values and abilities. They also help them understand university policies and requirements.

Students need to maintain a regular relationship with their advisors to make sure that they’re on track for graduation. This includes identifying obstacles and referring students to other services on campus for additional assistance.

Advisors must stay up-to-date with the requirements of their school’s programs and keep detailed records for each student they counsel. They can also lead orientation sessions to introduce new students to their institution and the tools they need to succeed in their degree programs. They may also be responsible for coordinating academic advising programs with other departments and colleges on campus. They also serve as great resources for their students.

Career & Technical Education

Career technical education—better known as voc ed—has been getting a lot of attention lately. In a world of low college-completion rates, it’s time to revisit how we educate young people.

In middle school and high school, CTE teaches students about 16 Career Clusters and helps them figure out what they want to do after graduation. It also prepares them for post-secondary study, like an associate or bachelor’s degree, or even direct entry into the workforce.

These classes aren’t your grandfather’s vo-ed; they teach students the skills that they need to work in industries such as health sciences, manufacturing, and technology. Students can even earn industry credentials, such as certifications or certificates of completion.

Some states and districts fund their CTE programs using a dedicated line item, while others combine them with general funding for staff and facilities. National-level information on this funding can be found through the Digest of Education Statistics. The Idaho State Department of Education’s career and technical education programs are largely funded by the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act.

The Structure of Schools


School is where young people learn about the world around them, explore their interests and passions, and build social skills. It also helps them get jobs and support themselves.

It is important to attend school because without it, you cannot grow or learn. Schools are places where you meet children of your age and can become friends for a long time or lifetime.


A school education often shapes the ambitions and interests of its graduates. Schools encourage students to explore their talents through a variety of programs and learning opportunities, including school clubs. The results can be decisive for the destinies of pupils, who may become actors or musicians, for example, or teachers or doctors.

The pedagogy of a school is also often defined by its “covert” and null curricula, which are the multiple cultural features that shape its daily life beyond the subjects formally taught in classrooms. This unspoken “curriculum” is shaped by numerous forces, including political, racial, gender, aesthetic and moral concerns.

The teaching profession tends to resist administrative and legislative prescriptions on curriculum matters, believing that it is better able to decide what is most important. Higher education is provided by universities, which are specialized institutions that grant academic degrees such as bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate levels. It is also provided by professional graduate schools, which are typically attached to a university and offer careers such as law, journalism, education, business, music, art and medicine.


Schools have a number of different structures. There are administration teams, licensed and unlicensed support staff and teachers. Administrative members are responsible for implementing school-wide policies, rules and procedures. They also handle the supervision of students and teachers. School administrators also provide guidance to students and oversee standardized tests.

Structures of schools vary from country to country. They may be based on age grouping, grade levels, and curriculum. They may also be based on educational goals. For example, some countries have a system that includes kindergarten, preschool and primary and secondary education. They may also have universities, vocational schools and colleges.

A structured organization is beneficial to a school as it improves productivity, efficiency and morale. It also helps reduce cost by eliminating the need for additional personnel. It also allows people to concentrate on their jobs. It also lays stress on building relationships among the school personnel and increases the quality of work. This is possible as everyone knows what their duties are.


Students who participate in school activities often have higher grade-point averages, better attendance records and fewer discipline problems. These activities can also help students discover new passions and skills beyond academic study. Students can join debate clubs, for example, or learn how to play a musical instrument. Some school activities are tied to national organizations, like Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts, but others have no relationship to the curriculum and are open to all students.

Students can get to know their classmates by playing classmate bingo, writing thank you notes or playing Two Truths and a Lie. These activities can be particularly helpful for students who have difficulty making friends and mingling with peers. Other group activities include a scavenger hunt or a paper airplane competition. Students can compete in multiple categories, like distance and accuracy, to determine the overall winner of the contest. Each student will receive a prize for his or her effort.


School organization is a process through which schools arrange their time, space and personnel for maximum effect on students’ learning. The structure of school organization affects the internal social dynamics of the school, including its culture and patterns of interaction among teachers. It also influences the way in which students and teachers work together.

Organizing a school means allotting work to the school personnel in accordance with their interest, aptitude and experience. It is necessary to avoid under and over utilization of school resources i.e., building, furniture, equipment and library and to ensure their optimum utilization.

The school should be organized in a manner that its headmaster, teacher and students work as a team to undertake the task of running it on sound lines. This will help the students to develop knowledge of democratic principles and prepare them as citizens for serving society in a better way. It will bring efficiency of the institution, securing benefits of the school through practical measures, clarity in the functions, coordination of the educational programs, sound educational planning and good direction, efficient and systematic execution etc.

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