Month: April 2024

Is Your Child Ready For Kindergarten?


Kindergarten is where children make the transition from preschool to a formal educational environment. This early exposure to school’s social dynamics, schedules, and expectations enables them to quickly adapt to learning challenges that may otherwise feel overwhelming.

Moreover, kindergarten provides opportunities to sharpen children’s ability to think critically and solve problems. It also fosters their creativity and imagination.

Preparing for Kindergarten

Many parents worry about whether their kids are ready for kindergarten. It’s important to remember that every child develops at a different pace. While age is one factor, other considerations include a child’s social and emotional development as well as their cognitive and physical growth.

A kindergarten curriculum builds on concepts taught in preschool and focuses on developing school readiness skills. Teachers use a structured but flexible classroom schedule.

Children who can greet each other with a “Hello,” ask for help when needed, and negotiate with peers do well in kindergarten. Parents can help their kids develop these social skills with play dates, play-based preschool, and out in the community by letting them order their own food at restaurants or book at a library and by practicing basic life skills such as washing hands and using the bathroom independently.

Kindergarten also requires that children have a good understanding of their basic numbers and letters. Parents can help their kids develop these skills by talking regularly with them, reading to them, and asking them questions (such as “what are the days of the week?”). This back-and-forth communication helps develop their vocabulary.

The Academic Year

In the United States, kindergarten is typically the first year of formal education. The age requirements vary from state to state (and from school district to private school), but most require a child to be at least 5 years old to begin kindergarten.

Children who attend kindergarten are more prepared for elementary school, according to a 2019 study by the Learning Policy Institute. Additionally, they are less likely to be held back in grade school.

In North Korea, children go to kindergarten from ages four or five to six before moving on to primary school. In Luxembourg, the term Spillschoulen is used to refer to a public school attended between ages four or five until children advance to Grondschoulen (elementary school).

Froebel schools were filled with gifts and occupations for students to play with, including sculpting, painting, lacing and folding, among others. Discussion is also a major part of kindergarten learning, as children are encouraged to reflect on their day and share with their classmates.

The Social Year

Children in kindergarten build upon what they have learned in preschool, and their social skills are refined as they interact with peers and teachers. They learn how to share and play cooperatively with others, and they work to understand their emotions in healthy ways.

Friedrich Froebel opened the first kindergarten in 1837, and his philosophy of children’s emotional and spiritual development remains a cornerstone of modern kindergarten classrooms. Unlike traditional school, kindergarten classrooms emphasize learning through play and offer a wide variety of ‘areas’ to encourage exploration and creativity.

The Voluntary Social Year offers young people the opportunity to volunteer in social institutions such as kindergartens, retirement homes and schools. The people they accompany benefit from having committed volunteers, and the volunteers gain valuable experience while figuring out their next career step. Our society also benefits from the commitment of young people who have found a sense of purpose through their voluntary year.

The Physical Year

For many children, kindergarten is their first experience with a classroom. They may feel nervous and not ready, or excited and eager to go. Parents may also be concerned about how well their child can pay attention and manage their emotions and behaviors.

The word kindergarten means “children’s garden.” Froebel designed his school with gifts and occupations that were meant to foster imagination, creativity and ingenuity, just like plants in a garden grow. Kindergartens grew in popularity and eventually spread throughout Europe, America, Asia and Australia. Elizabeth Peabody founded the first English-language kindergarten in 1860. By 1873, St. Louis had the first public school kindergarten in America.

Kindergarten is an important part of a child’s early education. It allows kids to become more independent as they learn the social and academic skills they need for later success. Talk with your child about his expectations for kindergarten to help make the transition a smooth one. Children need 10 to 11 hours of restful sleep each night to be ready for kindergarten.

Reading Intervention – How to Get the Most Out of Your Reading Intervention

Reading intervention

Most school boards use unreliable and invalid assessments to determine which students should receive reading intervention. Those who score low on the assessment are placed in programs that don’t provide strong evidence-based foundational skills instruction.

These programs often include Lexia Core 5 and Wilson Language Training, both of which are tier 2 interventions. They instruct students in the five critical strands of reading instruction (phonics, decoding, word recognition and spelling, fluency and comprehension).


Phonics involves students learning the relationship between sounds (phonemes) and written spelling patterns, or graphemes. Students then use this knowledge to decode new words and spell words, which is known as segmenting and blending.

These skills are foundational in reading, as they allow children to access text and make meaning. Without phonics skills, struggling readers are often limited in the amount of new text they can read independently.

The inquiry boards’ most frequent early interventions often do not include explicit instruction in phonics, but rather focus on strategies that promote student independence (meaning clues, structural clues and visual cues). This can lead to frustration for students who are unable to read beyond their current skill level. For this reason, it is important that the appropriate phonics program be available for use in the earliest grades (Kindergarten – Grade 1 ideally) and be used as the core of Reading intervention programs. Fortunately, there are several evidence-based phonics programs available in Ontario.

Word Recognition

When children read, they use their knowledge of word structure and phonology to decode words. But to really read for meaning, they must recognize the words and apply meaning to them. This requires automatic word recognition.

One of the ways to improve word recognition is to teach kids sight recognition of common, high-frequency words. This helps them to recognize these words quickly when they come across them in a text without having to sound them out or look for clues from the surrounding words and sentences.

Another way to improve word recognition is to teach them strategies for recognizing words with similar initial sounds, such as rhymes or homonyms. These are known as sound-letter correspondences and they help the reader to match up the individual letters in a new word with familiar ones already stored in memory. The size of a word’s neighborhood in the lexicon, or how close it is to other words with similar initial sounds or phonetic segments, also influences word recognition.


As students progress through school, their reading skills need to be further refined and consolidated. This is where Fluency comes in. Fluency is a dynamic process that requires regular practice, immersion and engagement.

This board-developed intervention approach involves students who score low on a screening test working with a teacher, speech-language pathologist (SLP) or other educator for a set period of time. Typically, it includes explicit instruction and focused practice of core phonics skills to develop word reading accuracy.

This reading fluency intervention is designed for students with an accuracy need related to reading paragraphs and stories. It uses a combination of Sight Word Flashcards and Sight Word Bingo to increase the number of correctly read sight words in connected text.


Comprehension is a reading skill that encourages students to extract the meaning from a text. It’s a key component of the National Curriculum, and helps to prevent children from “passive reading” where they read words on a page without thinking about their meaning.

Using read-alouds, teachers can model comprehension strategies such as questioning and making connections. These skills can be taught as part of a whole-class approach, or more individually through interventions such as a one-to-one session with a teacher or speech-language pathologist.

The key to improving comprehension is repeated exposure to texts and teaching students how to use reading strategies to build knowledge from text. Strategies can include questioning, visualizing, monitoring and clarifying, inferring, and identifying important details. When teaching comprehension, be sure to choose texts appropriate for a student’s grade level and provide them with opportunities to build understanding of those texts through before-, during- and after-reading activities.

The Importance of Children’s Education

children education

Children are naturally inquisitive, and their early thinking is insightful and complex. However, their capacities are often underestimated by researchers and practitioners. For example, a belief that infants lack conceptual knowledge can lead educators to focus on concrete activities and deprive children of opportunities to advance their conceptual frameworks.

Children are better able to learn when they feel safe, supported and engaged with others. This is why education plays such a vital role in their lives.


School is where children spend most of their time and is a major source of socialization. In addition to learning subject-matter content, students learn how to behave in a particular way that meets the expectations of society. This is referred to as secondary socialization.

Children’s socialization is also influenced by their teachers, classmates and other adults. The hidden curriculum includes the development of skills such as classroom discipline, dealing with bureaucracies and being able to wait for your turn. It also involves learning about a range of topics, including a child’s cultural expectations and gender stereotypes.

Research has shown that youth who are surrounded by peers who share their interests are more likely to be socially and emotionally healthy. This is particularly important during the pandemic when school closures have stifled opportunities for youth to meet with their friends.


Patience is an important part of children’s education, especially as they grow up and learn to deal with everyday annoyances. Patience is a skill that enables people to delay gratification and focus on the bigger picture. It is a positive attribute that promotes compassion and empathy. It also helps people to understand that life is not all about them – their needs and desires.

You can request a special education reevaluation by writing to your child’s school or the CSE. The CSE will then schedule a meeting with you to explain your rights and discuss what other strategies might be appropriate for your child. The meeting will include a social worker and, if necessary, an interpreter. The school physician will attend the meeting if requested by you.


Self-esteem is a key part of children’s education. It influences their decision-making process, relationships, emotional health, and motivation to learn. It also affects their ability to deal with challenges and set goals for themselves. Children’s self-esteem typically rises through childhood and adolescence, then stabilizes in adulthood.

During this stage, children develop their understanding of the world and their place in it. They become less egocentric and more aware of other people’s feelings. They are also able to regulate their emotions better. Children’s early capacities to self-regulate their emotions are limited, so educators must offer them a high degree of emotional support. They should also teach them how to express their thoughts and feelings in healthy ways. This will help them build a strong sense of resilience and self-respect.

Brain development

The brain is actively engaged in learning from birth and continues to be so throughout life. The learning that occurs during the first five years is critical for children’s future academic achievement. The quality of a child’s learning depends on many factors, including their genetics and the environment in which they live. Children learn most effectively in caring relationships and optimal community environments.

Caring relationships provide the emotional predictability necessary for babies and toddlers to develop their understanding of themselves, other people, and objects in their environment. In addition, they help them to self-regulate and manage their emotions. These developmental skills support children’s cognitive development and are as important as subject-matter knowledge. They are often called noncognitive skills, although they are more formally known as the social and emotional aspects of learning.


It is important for children to learn about diversity from an early age. This builds inclusivity and helps counter bias and stereotypes. It also encourages cognitive flexibility by teaching kids to adapt to new situations, which is crucial for future success.

Studies show that kids who have exposure to different cultures are less likely to develop prejudiced beliefs. It is important to teach children about cultural differences and that everyone has something unique to offer the world. Encourage children to ask questions about other people’s cultures and traditions, and show them that it is okay to be curious. They will learn that no two people are the same, and it is a positive thing to celebrate! Children who learn about diversity will be better able to live in a globalized society.

Education Support Services

Education support services are essential to the overall learning experience. They help students succeed and thrive, and improve teacher quality and satisfaction.

Education Support is a UK charity that champions good mental health and wellbeing for teachers and all education staff. Its services include counselling and telephone advice. The charity was formed in 2015 from the merger of three sister organisations: Teacher Support Network, Recourse and Worklife Support.

1. Identify your needs and goals.

When it comes to education support, there are a wide range of options available. Depending on your needs and goals, you may want to consider getting help with homework, finding a tutor or mentor, or receiving career guidance. You can also find information and resources on the internet, through books or other publications, or by talking to friends or family members.

Education support services can benefit students by improving their academic outcomes, fostering innovation and collaboration, and strengthening accountability and governance. They can also strengthen educational institutions and systems by providing guidance, resources, and training.

Educators can use education support services to enhance their teaching and professional development, such as through coaching, mentoring, or communities of practice. However, they can face challenges in delivering and utilizing education support services, such as lack of time, resources, or training. They can also experience resistance, conflict, or misunderstanding from their peers or students.

2. Research your options.

Education support services can help students, teachers, administrators, and other stakeholders meet their needs and address the challenges and opportunities in their education systems. These services can include a wide range of activities and programs, including tutoring, mentoring, counseling, coaching, assessment, evaluation, and accreditation. They can also be provided by a wide variety of actors, such as peers, parents, volunteers, experts, and organizations.

Education supporters can be found in schools of all types and sizes, from public to private. They perform a variety of tasks, such as reviewing instructor lesson plans, conducting classroom observations, and suggesting teaching techniques to improve educational effectiveness.

Education support services can also be offered through online resources and community forums. For example, Paper’s ESP platform gives students access to a live writing coach to help them develop and improve their writing skills.

3. Engage with the service.

Education support services can help learners overcome academic, personal, and social challenges that may interfere with their learning or well-being. They can also connect them with relevant resources, opportunities, and networks. As educational practice becomes increasingly collaborative, interdisciplinary, and project-based, learners will need more integrated and coordinated education support services that can provide them with holistic and seamless support throughout their learning journeys.

It’s important for educators to be as communicative as possible with education support professionals to share information about students and day-to-day classroom occurrences. A culture of shared knowledge will promote an effective and innovative staff.

Educators should also make an effort to include education support professionals in school-wide events and celebrations, such as community nights, open houses, and graduations. This shows them that their contributions to the school environment are valued, and can make a difference in student lives. It’s also a great way to model inclusivity and kindness for students.

4. Make the most of the service.

From a simple exchange with a bus driver to an IEP meeting with a paraeducator, students interact with education support professionals every day in minor and major ways. These interactions can illuminate students’ needs and influence their learning paths. It is important that schools make the most of this service to ensure student success from Pre-K through college.

Providing individualized services can help students feel valued and confident, especially in the face of challenges or setbacks. This can boost self-esteem and lead to a more resilient mindset, especially for students with special educational needs. Moreover, tailored support can foster inclusive classroom dynamics, encouraging students to recognize and celebrate their unique learning styles.

In addition, it is crucial that education support services are accessible and affordable to all students. This can be achieved by increasing the availability and quality of resources and funding. Furthermore, a learner-centered approach can allow students to select their own tutors, mentors, and counselors according to their goals, preferences, and capabilities.

How to Choose the Right School for Your Child

Looking into school options can feel like sorting threads in a tapestry. With terms such as montessori and magnet sending you on tangent searches, it can be hard to get a clear picture.

Schools help children learn things about life, such as religion and ethics. They also help them recognise socially accepted norms and behaviour.


The invention of schools is a fascinating story that spans many centuries and civilizations. Teachers should make sure that students learn about the history of school invention, not just the usual societal and political trends.

The early schools in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome provided citizens with knowledge consistent with their interests. Students learned rhetoric, philosophy, arts and literature. Later, the Industrial Revolution encouraged people from all levels of society to attend school. This helped to democratize education and increase its scope.

Horace Mann is credited with inventing modern schools in the United States, but he doesn’t get all of the credit. In fact, the first public school in America was built by a society that promoted free education for poor children. Its members wanted to encourage citizenship and national loyalty. They also wanted to promote international harmony by discouraging crude national stereotyping and the perpetuation of old grudges and grievances. Later, a new generation of educational reformers helped create standardized curricula and public school districts.


School is a place to train or educate someone in a particular field or subject. The word also can refer to a set of rules and traditions that guide students in their behavior, including how they should dress, speak, and act.

Among the main purposes of schools are to prepare students for life and work, instill values, and build relationships with others. However, people have different ideas of what these goals should look like.

Some believe that schools should function primarily as the personnel department for business and industry, creating a pool of workers with the skills and personal styles required to fill available jobs. Other people think that schools should seek to create active citizens by encouraging their children to acquire knowledge that can help them make informed choices and contribute to society as active participants in democracy.

In addition to these general purposes, some people go to school in order to learn specialized skills and knowledge that will enable them to succeed in their careers. This includes technical education and career training programs, as well as university degrees in specific fields of study such as medicine or law.


There are many different types of schools at the elementary, middle and high school levels as well as at the university and vocational school level. Some of these include traditional public schools that are subsidized by taxes. Others may be private or alternative, such as forest schools or outdoor education centers, that teach classes in nature.

Effective schools have a positive atmosphere and a culture of teaching and learning that includes a commitment to students, families and the community. They convey the attitude that all children can achieve academically and that it is everyone’s responsibility to ensure their success.

They are also hospitable and respect teachers by providing them with adequate resources and opportunities to grow professionally. They communicate frequently with teachers, staff and students to reduce rumors and gossip. These quality schools also establish clear goals for each department and work together to prevent politics within departments. They are also free of a rigid hierarchy that is based on seniority.


Schools provide a lot of benefits to families, such as encouraging independence, promoting active lifestyles and increasing academic performance. However, there are also some downsides to living near a school. These include noise levels, congestion and limited privacy. Additionally, schools may host events on weekends or evenings that can be disruptive to local residents.

Homes located near a good school often have high resale value. They are in demand among young parents who want to live close to their children’s schools. In addition, schools often have security measures such as student resource officers and speed-limit reduction zones that make them safer for kids to walk in.

School grounds are also usually open to the public when not in use, so children can enjoy playgrounds and sports fields without having to go too far from home. Some communities have schools that function like a park, which is great for kids and adults alike. Some schools even allow organized adult classes, such as yoga and martial arts.

The Benefits of Kindergarten

Kindergarten offers children their first opportunity to socialize with a group of other kids. Kids learn to interact respectfully and to share.

Teachers encourage kindergarten students to be curious and make discoveries. They support their learning by providing hands-on activities. They also teach children to organize information and solve problems.

Language Arts

A key foundation in language arts is developing phonological awareness, which enables students to recognize the alphabet and letter sounds. Kindergarten students also take part in prewriting activities, forming letters and words on their own.

By the end of kindergarten, children should be able to print their names and some simple vocabulary words. They will learn that written language is read from left to right and that punctuation marks are used to separate sentences or parts of a sentence.

Reading and writing help develop imagination and creativity in children. Reading stories with diverse characters and perspectives can help foster empathy and emotional intelligence. Writing allows children to communicate their ideas and emotions in a safe environment. This helps them become more aware of their own emotions and experiences.


As your child moves into kindergarten, they will develop their early math skills through counting, basic shapes and patterns. These skills are the stepping stones for more advanced concepts in later grades.

Children learn that each object counted has a number corresponding to it in the counting sequence (one-to-one correspondence). They also start adding and subtracting within 10. This is an important foundation for more complex addition and subtraction in later years.

Students use geometric vocabulary to identify and classify 2-D plane shapes (squares, circles, rectangles, triangles) and 3-D solid shapes (cubes, cylinders, and spheres). They also explore patterning by finding and creating patterns during fun activities like nature walks. They also begin understanding how to represent data through simple graphing. This will help them later make informed decisions about their world.


Children learn science through exploration, play and hands-on activities. This is the ideal way for young children to gain experiences with science concepts.

A successful science curriculum for kindergarten should be based on the premise that young children have a natural propensity and capacity to observe, explore and discover and that this discovery is the foundation for constructing knowledge.

The teacher should also have a deep understanding of the important underlying science concepts she is using as her focus for the children. This is often called pedagogical science knowledge.

The most important areas of science in kindergarten are life sciences (everything relating to living things) and Earth sciences (the study of everything that is on the planet, including rocks and weather). In addition, kindergarten students learn about how living things grow, change, and have certain needs.

Social Studies

Kindergarten is a social time as children build classroom community and learn to follow school rules. Children often start their day with a class meeting or circle time where they share class news about the calendar and weather, or any other topics of interest.

In addition, kindergarten students will learn that a community is made up of people who work together to meet their basic needs. They will also explore the major holidays celebrated by different cultures, and how those traditions may differ from their own.

Challenging social studies instruction is important for young children because it supports their ability to identify real world problems and participate in creating a democratic society. This requires educators to design learning experiences that are holistic, value-based, and challenging.

Physical Education

In a day when kids often spend too much time at computers and in front of screens, physical education is important for developing healthy lifestyle habits. The benefits of regular exercise are many, including increased attention spans and better classroom behavior.

Children can develop a positive body image and learn how to manage stress in PE classes. They can also build skills to stay active throughout the rest of their lives.

In NY State, students with disabilities are required to have a minimum of 30 minutes of PE class each school week. This is not recess or before- or after-school sports; it’s a formal class with a structured curriculum based on learning standards. Children will participate in a wide range of activities, from jumping to throwing to catching, while also developing motor skills and spatial awareness.

Reading Intervention For Students Who Struggle With Word Reading and Language Comprehension

Students who struggle with both word reading and language comprehension need targeted, intensive reading intervention. However, access to effective programs varies widely across boards.

Student/parent survey respondents reported that it was often difficult to get their children into effective reading interventions. Some students have to change schools, go to a Provincial Demonstration School or pay for private tutoring.


Imagine being handed a box of odds and ends and told to figure out what to do with them. That’s what it feels like to many students who struggle to read. Fortunately, we can provide them with scaffolding, which helps to make the process less intimidating and overwhelming.

Scaffolding involves adding instructional support to help learners master skills and strategies. This can occur before, during or after reading. Some examples of pre-reading scaffolding strategies include arming students with academic vocabulary concepts, previewing the text and its topics ahead of time, and practicing multisyllabic decoding strategies for texts that have a more challenging language structure.

During reading, asking students to stop regularly to summarize or paraphrase what they’ve just read encourages self-monitoring and provides an opportunity to spot gaps in comprehension. Providing opportunities for students to discuss what they’ve read with classmates also promotes deeper thinking. Asking them to consider how they believe the information relates to their own experiences and hunches is another effective way to scaffold understanding.


School boards often have unclear guidelines around who is eligible for interventions and which program they will receive. This may be because decisions are based on unreliable assessments or on inappropriate beliefs and criteria (e.g., one inquiry school board requires students to have a diagnosis to be eligible for the Empower program).

Inquiry schools also report that many programs are reserved for later tiers in the RTI/MTSS model rather than early implementation (tier 1). These programs often involve more teacher-directed instruction with less focus on systematically breaking down grapheme-phoneme correspondences and the blending of these sounds into word recognition and spelling, a key part of phonemic awareness and decoding skills.

Students who struggle to recognize words need intensive and targeted word-reading interventions to free up their cognitive energies for the more complex process of reading comprehension. They also need effective programing to address any oral language weaknesses that make it difficult for them to sound out or blend the sounds of words.

Connecting to Prior Knowledge

Many students come to reading with prior knowledge, beliefs, and experiences about a topic. Activating this prior knowledge can reduce the cognitive load for students as they read and learn. It can also help students to become metacognitive, as they learn to compare and contrast new information with their own beliefs and experiences.

Some teachers activate prior knowledge before introducing a reading by using graphic organizers such as KWL charts; by doing an alphabet brainstorm to familiarize students with the vocabulary that will be used in the lesson; or by giving students anticipatory guides that prompt them to recall relevant information before they start the new text. However, these activities do not always address the full range of skills needed to access subject-specific reading.

School boards determine which reading interventions to offer, which grades they provide them for and whether or not they include students who have a learning disability or other risk factors. While some boards offer evidence-based programs (e.g., Hamilton-Wentworth and Simcoe Muskoka Catholic), others do not.


Many students struggle with motivation to read. Providing students with books of interest and engaging in learning activities that help them understand the relevance of reading can be motivating. Choosing texts that students have some background knowledge about makes them more interesting and relevant to the reader (Linnenbrink & Pintrich, 2003).

Interventions were coded for their theoretical basis, what motivational mechanisms they tried to elicit or foster, whether skills instruction was provided, and how many sessions and total duration of the intervention. They were also coded for whether they used narrative or informational texts and for the level of complexity of the text.

In our inquiry survey, teachers and parents reported that access to evidence-based programs was limited by school boards, with some students having to change schools or attend a Provincial Demonstration School to gain access to an intervention program. This is not fair to students and should be addressed. It would be ideal if every child could have access to an evidence-based reading intervention in their school without having to change schools, go to a demonstration school or pay for private tutoring.

UNESCO – Making Education Accessible for All Children

Educators support children’s learning through a wide range of activities. They consider each child’s unique abilities, interests and cultural ways of knowing.

Children learn through seeing, hearing, exploring and experimenting. They develop important skills like self-regulation of their emotions and positive self-belief to face challenges. They also build on their social connections and develop their independence.

Social and Emotional Development

Early social and emotional development is a vital foundation that influences learning. It teaches children how to form and maintain positive relationships; experience, manage and express emotions; and navigate the challenges of life.

Infants and young children develop social-emotional skills in the context of their close relationships with their parents and caregivers. They learn to develop attachments with others, soothe themselves when upset and follow directions. They also begin to understand what goes on in other people’s minds, and are curious about the similarities and differences between their experiences and those of others.

Teachers are important partners in promoting social-emotional development, as they guide children’s interactions with others and model healthy ways to respond to challenging situations. They work with children to understand and respect different viewpoints, and encourage kids to take risks and persist at difficult tasks. However, a recent meta-analysis found that programs for children are not consistently effective in influencing SEL outcomes (as opposed to psychopathology symptoms or EF skills). This may be due to a lack of well-defined control groups.

Cognitive Development

Despite the sometimes negative stereotypes of young children, they do possess considerable cognitive capacity. For example, a growing ability to understand and self-regulate emotions enables them to cooperate with others, solve problems and resolve conflicts (see the next section). Children’s growing sense of competence, self-esteem and confidence in learning situations also promote cognitive growth and support academic motivation.

From the very earliest stages, children begin to develop implicit theories about people, living things, objects and numbers. These theories unite disparate observations or discrete facts into explanatory systems. Children then use these systems to predict and explain events, or to act intentionally in new learning situations.

Although every subject area requires content knowledge and skills acquired through developmental learning processes, for the purposes of this report the scope is limited to two core subjects–language and literacy, and mathematics. However, the insights that are presented here regarding the ways in which children acquire these concepts can be applied to other subject areas.

Physical Development

It is critical that children be physically healthy and active in order to learn. Children who engage in regular physical activity are more focused and have better retention of information. UNESCO works on a variety of initiatives that contribute to this domain, including advocacy, partnerships and capacity building.

Physical development refers to the advancements and refinement of motor skills, or the movement of a child’s body. For example, a child who starts walking requires the control of large muscles in their legs and arms. They also need to be able to balance and support their heads.

Teachers can support this area by offering a range of physical activities. They can encourage children to run, jump, climb, roll and skip (gross motor skills) as well as use their fingers and hands to explore materials like paint, play dough, puzzles and sand (fine motor skills). Learning through touch is another important part of physical development and can be encouraged with the provision of tactile experiences.

Personal Development

Education is a right of all children, yet too many obstacles stand in the way of accessing quality learning opportunities. These include poverty, health crises, natural disasters, geographic isolation and social exclusion. World Vision is working to make education accessible for all children by providing access to safe and affordable schooling. Through child sponsorship, the Raw Hope Initiative and our Gift Catalogue you can help make this possible.

Young children’s self-perceived ability to master learning challenges develops early and exerts a lasting influence on academic performance. High parental and educator expectations also influence children’s learning outcomes.

During this stage, children focus more on intellectual independence than physical independence. They use their growing understanding of the world to make sense of what they see and experience, including developing their theory of mind. For example, when children imitate actions they see others doing, they often imitate not the exact behavior but what they believe the actor intended—the goal or rationale of their action.

The Importance of Education Support

education support

Education support professionals are critical members of the K-12 and higher-ed public school workforce. They are responsible for keeping students safe and cultivating a positive school climate that makes learning possible.

With the CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support, you can prepare yourself for this exciting role that is transforming the educational landscape. Read on to learn more about the responsibilities and duties of this vital position.

Academic Support

Academic support is an educational strategy that can be used to help students overcome learning difficulties. This may be in the form of tutoring sessions, summer learning programs, and other academic interventions. This can be provided to individual students, specific student populations (such as non-English speakers or disabled students) or to all students in a school. Academic support may also be offered to address specific issues or trends, such as course failure rates or dropout statistics.

Research has shown that seeking academic support increases student performance. This is due to the fact that students who seek academic assistance tend to be more confident in their ability to succeed. Additionally, perceived teacher support has a strong positive correlation to academic achievement. This relationship is mediated by both student self-efficacy and engagement. Moreover, effective university support systems can play an important role in enhancing students’ performance. This is because they are typically based on student-centered and collaborative models.


Students can experience a variety of personal issues that impact their mental health, including depression and anxiety. Counselors can help them manage their stress levels by offering advice and providing therapeutic support.

In addition, counselors help students develop helpful habits and skills that can benefit them throughout their academic career. For example, they may encourage students to stay organized and prioritize studying.

Finally, counselors work closely with administrators and teachers to evaluate school curriculums. They also collaborate with community professionals to provide additional guidance on relevant topics.

Become the mentor students need to thrive in and out of school. Led by world-class faculty, William & Mary’s online M.Ed. in Counseling with a concentration in School Counseling program prepares you to help students navigate early-life decisions and become resilient. Learn more today!

Special Needs Support

Special needs support helps students whose education is compromised by a physical, cognitive or behavioral condition. These conditions can include ADD/ADHD, allergies, arthritis, asthma, cerebral palsy, diabetes, depression, Down syndrome, epilepsy/seizure disorder, hearing problem, heart problem, learning disability, vision problem or other mental health issue.

Many of these students require special educational assistance, known as SEN (or aided education or alternative provision in England). The process begins with an assessment that determines whether or not the child qualifies for a specially tailored curriculum.

For some students, a special needs assessment can lead to an individualized family service plan or IEP. This outlines the student’s present achievement levels and plots out reachable goals. It can also detail accommodations and modifications, like different teaching approaches and a more flexible learning environment. Some students may benefit from a partial withdrawal or “pull-out” class that is more self-contained. This type of school provides extra help for specific subjects, and might be run by a separate staff member.

Student Referrals

When a student’s challenges are beyond your academic scope, you need to be able to quickly identify the right resources for them. This requires that you remain attentive to students, and that you be able to listen for clues that they may need an outside resource.

For example, a student who is struggling in class could be having trouble sleeping or experiencing family problems, and these are concerns that should be reported to the appropriate staff member.

The Referral Phase serves as the link between recognizing that students need more support and them being connected to it. It is important to document the details of each incident to help develop a more holistic picture of the students’ needs and to understand the patterns that emerge. This data is then used to design a tailored support pathway. This can be either Tier 2 or Tier 3 support depending on the situation. This process can take time, but it is often worth the effort once the students see improvement in their performance and skills.

The Importance of Schools


Schools are a vital part of the world’s communities. They help people learn new skills and knowledge, develop confidence and achieve their long-term goals.

For many children, school is also a place to pursue passions and interests. From football to a love for reading, students have access to activities that can enrich their lives.

Education and Knowledge

In the simplest sense, education is the transfer of values and knowledge from one generation to the next. It also teaches people to adapt, innovate and thrive in an ever-changing world.

A well-developed curriculum is key to educating children. It should incorporate a variety of educational methods to engage students and promote the development of critical thinking skills, collaboration, empathy, and resilience.

The most common type of school is a primary and secondary education system that offers a wide range of subjects. Students can then choose to pursue tertiary education or a specific vocational program.

In order to learn, students need to have access to adequate teaching resources, a safe environment and reliable Internet connections. According to the World Bank, millions of children lack these essentials and are unable to participate fully in society or secure stable employment, which ultimately affects their health, wellbeing, and economic prospects. The learning crisis is a serious social and economic issue that needs to be addressed immediately.

Career Opportunities

There are many opportunities available for teachers who are looking for a change. For example, they can work at museums as tour guides and educate visitors about various exhibits and localities. They can also find positions at non-profit organizations that need people to help reach out for donations.

Another career option is an educational administrator. These jobs include roles like principal, superintendent and vice principal. They are responsible for managing all aspects of a school, and need someone who has great attention to detail and the ability to connect with students.

Other career changes for teachers include working as a student life coordinator, which focuses on college students and involves organizing cultural activities for them. It is an ideal job for a person who enjoys the social aspect of education.

Personal Growth

Personal growth is the feeling of improving oneself over time, acquiring new skills and knowledge, developing (healthy) attitudes and becoming open to embracing life experiences. This can be encouraged in leadership students by having them complete a Personal Leadership Project which allows them to learn about themselves as leaders and develop the habit of life-long learning.

By prioritising personal development in schools, teachers can ensure that pupils have a strong sense of purpose and an understanding of their own strengths and weaknesses. This can help them become more self-aware and build stronger relationships with peers and professionals. Furthermore, it can also improve their emotional intelligence, allowing them to better understand and empathise with others. This is important in a school environment as it can tackle barriers to learning and raise aspiration. It can also teach children about British values such as tolerance, respect and diversity. It can even encourage them to be more active in their communities.

Social Interaction

The social interaction students experience through school and classrooms can impact their motivation for cooperation, feelings of belonging in larger peer groups, academic aspiration, life quality and more. Schools, therefore, are important environments for meeting students’ social affiliation needs – an essential factor for their well-being and success.

Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a new school concept that enables the implementation of curriculum-compliant lessons in natural green and blue environments. It is assumed that EOtC promotes social interactions, as it combines teaching in natural environments with the reorganization of class structure.

Educators can enhance the level of social interaction in their classrooms by encouraging group projects and team-building exercises. They can also encourage their students to interact with peers outside of the classroom by matching children who share interests or other similar characteristics. They can also use child preferences to encourage interaction by providing them with opportunities to engage with peers through their preferred activities, such as dramatic play or outdoor games.

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