Ability to read with developmentally appropriate rate, intonation, and phrasing

Common Indicators

How do I know if building Fluency is my student's most pressing need?

Child can decode phonemically most of the time but

  • his oral reading is laborious and too slow.
  • his reading is mechanical or choppy.

Which TRI strategies most efficiently target a student's Fluency needs?

  • Re-Reading for Fluency
  • TRI Extensions that target Fluency, e.g.,
    • Re-Reading to a peer or another adult
    • Listening along to a text repeatedly
    • Recording a text on tape or the computer